In no other of his writings do we see as plainly the gradual attainment of conviction on any point; as he himself says in the Retractationes, he was laboring for the free choice of the will of man, but the grace of God won the day. Augustine's personal experience certainly had made him aware of the potentially disruptive and addictive character of sexual desire.
Later Years The intellectual interests of these four years are more easily determined, principally concerned as they are with the Manichean controversy, and producing the treatises De utilitate credendiDe duabus animabus contra Manichaos first half ofand Contra Adimantum or Describe Augustine's relationship to his God.
Full as the writings of this epoch are, however, of Biblical phrases and terms,-grace and the law, predestination, vocation, justification, regeneration-a reader who is thoroughly acquainted with Neoplatonism will detect Augustine's avid love of it in a Christian dress in not a few places.
Neither he nor any of his modern biographers has yet succeeded in getting at the essence of his personality. The stinging attack on paganism in the first books is memorable and effective; the encounter with Platonism in Books VIII—X is of great philosophical significance; and the last books especially Book XIX, with a vision of true peace offer a view of human destiny that would be widely persuasive for at least a thousand years.
The conflict was now reaching its most acute stage. The Trinity The most widespread and longest-lasting theological controversies of the 4th century focused on the Christian doctrine of the Trinity —that is, the threeness of God represented in the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
The seventh book of Confessions recounts a perfectly satisfactory intellectual conversion, but the extraordinary eighth book takes him one necessary step further. Augustine accepted sexual abstinence as the price of religion. The problem, as Augustine saw it in hindsight, was that the "concupiscence of the flesh" had led him to seek sexual satisfaction apart from any higher purpose: It is important to see that even in Augustine's own analysis of his dilemma, the root of the problem was not sexual desire or sexual activity per se, but rather a more fundamental weakness of will or, better, lack of charity that prevented him from giving himself wholeheartedly to God.
Before the coming of Christ, polygamy, as well as divorce and remarriage, were allowed; now strict monogamy is the norm.
These are perhaps his best work as a homilist, for he finds in the uplifting spiritual poetry of the Hebrews messages that he can apply consistently to his view of austere, hopeful, realistic Christianity; his ordinary congregation in Hippo would have drawn sustenance from them.
Although Augustine's conversion took the form of a rejection of sexual activity, he does not seem to have been at all obsessed with sexual temptations. This, Augustine says, was the significance of God's taking of Eve from Adam's side. Augustine made an important distinction in this context between the spouse who seeks to have intercourse primarily out of sexual desire and the spouse who agrees to have intercourse primarily out of the duty of fidelity.
Why does Augustine view it as a source of sin? Alypius was still with him, and also Adeodatus, who died young, we do not know when or where. He says that if his desires had been directed towards procreation within a legitimate marriage, then something good would have come of them.
Antony, who gave up even the most innocent pleasures to live as a hermit in the desert. What qualities does Augustine ascribe to God? A second feature of Augustine's discussion of sex in the Confessions is the connection he drew between the habit of his sexual activity and the freedom of his will.
Augustine's response in the Dolbeau sermon was to emphasize that engaging in sex out of marital fidelity was an act of charity, mercy, and even self-control. I was bound not by an iron imposed by anyone else but by the iron of my own choice.
His son Adeodatus was born in the summer ofand it was probably the mother of this child whose charms enthralled him soon after his arrival at Carthage about the end of Sexual temptations were no more, or less, prevalent than these other sensual allurements.
He even called it a "marriage. If your course is on his philosophy, you might look though that and see if anything catches your interest, then you could look at the relevant parts of his writings which are noted in the entry.
One effect of the book was to make it much easier for medieval readers to find and identify authentic works of Augustine, and this was surely a factor in the remarkable survival of so much of what he wrote. The notion of "fidelity" deserves close scrutiny for it, too, has a dimension that commentators have often overlooked.
In The Good of Marriage, for example, Augustine spoke explicitly about the different "sacraments" that were present in the time of the Hebrews and in time of the Christians. The IEP is actively seeking an author who will write a replacement article. Augustine's Preaching on Marriage This brings me to the final portion of my talk, Augustine's preaching on marriage.
Ranke-Heinemann, Eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heaven. Augustine speaks here in rather favorable terms about marriage itself, at least as a remedy for concupiscence. This I say by way of concession secundum veniamnot of command.
Cited in Jerome, Adversus Jovinianum I.Good argument/ ideas for an essay on St. Augustine's work? Big community funding update! You can help! Ask MetaFilter querying the hive mind Good Argument/ Topic for an Essay on St. Augustine? May 16, Start there. I'd actually stay way from the free-will angle and look at his view of evil as a privation.
How St. Augustine Invented Sex He rescued Adam and Eve from obscurity, devised the doctrine of original sin—and the rest is sexual history. Plato vs Aristotle's View of Women Essay Women: Counterparts or Subordinates Women are often overlooked in how they add to society.
However, they are a crucial part in defining relationships, roles, and families, all which contribute their share to forming a society. Saint Augustine’s View on Sexuality The famous bishop of Hippo, St.
Augustine, is claimed as a cornerstone of Christian theology by both Catholics and Protestants. Saint Augustine’s View on Sexuality The famous bishop of Hippo, St. Augustine, is claimed as a cornerstone of Christian theology by both Catholics and Protestants.
Introduction It may have been a mistake for me to offer to speak about Augustine on marriage and sexuality. This is one topic on which many people have expressed very strong opinions, and these opinions are usually not very favorable towards Augustine.Download